Chad is a landlocked country in Africa. It has border with Libya, Sudan, Nigeria, Niger and Cameroon. Official languages are Arabic and French. There are numerous ethnographic communities. About 52% are Muslims and 44% are Christians. With 12,84,000 square kilometers area, the country has a population of about 1,62,44,000.

In Chad, religion and state have been completely separated. Any form of ethnic, sectarian, or religious propaganda that undermines national unity or secularism is prohibited. The constitution guarantees various human rights. The right to strike is recognized. There is a constitutional commitment to protect the environment.

These are positive aspects. There are no significant negative aspects in the constitution.


Constitution of Chad


Admirable Articles of Chad's Constitution

Article 1 (Part of it)

Chad is a sovereign Republic, independent, secular, social, one and indivisible, founded on the principles of democracy, the rule of law and of justice.

The separation of the religions and of the State is affirmed.


Article 5

Any propaganda of ethnic, tribal, regional or religious character attempting to harm the national unity or the secularity of the State is prohibited.


Article 17

The human person is sacred and inviolable.

Every individual has the right to life, to the integrity of their person, to security, to liberty, to the protection of their privacy and of their property.


Article 18

No one may be subjected, either to degrading and humiliating abuse or treatment, or to torture.


Article 19

Slavery, the trafficking in human beings, forced labor, physical or moral torture, inhuman, cruel, degrading and humiliating treatments, physical violence, feminine genital mutilations, premature marriages as well as other forms of debasement of the human being are prohibited.


Article 30

The right to strike is recognized.

It is exercised within the framework of the laws which regulate it.


Article 57

The protection of the environment is a duty for all. The State and the Autonomous Collectivities ensure the defense and protection of the environment. Any damage caused to the environment must be made the object of a just reparation.