Argentina is the eighth largest country in the world, with Spanish being the majority language. About 63% are Catholic, 15% Protestant, and 19% do not believe in any religion. The population is forty-five million.

Argentina's constitution has not been written so neatly. The sentence is very long, and many things are mentioned in one paragraph, which is not easy to read.

The head of government is the president, who shall be elected by a countrywide vote. If no one gets more than 50% of the vote, there will be a second round between the two toppers.

The importance of both the worker and the owner is considered equally. Citizens have the right to bear arms against anyone who illegally occupies the power of the state.

Interesting paragraph is that there is a direct ban on blood aristocracy. Although all democracies in the world have this rule, but mentioning this in the constitution is interesting.​

These are positive aspects. Now let's discuss the negative aspects.
​Article 2 of the Constitution clearly states that the state supports the Christian Catholic faith. Why?

In addition, Article 25 mentions paying special attention to Europeans. Why?


Constitution of Argentina


Admirable Articles of Argentina's Constitution

Article 9

Throughout the territory of the Nation there shall be no other  customhouses than the National ones, which shall enforce the tariffs  sanctioned by Congress. 


Article 14bis

Labor in its diverse forms shall enjoy the protection of the law,  which shall ensure to workers: dignified and equitable working  conditions; a limited working day; paid days of rest and vacation; fair  remuneration; adjustable minimum living wages; equal pay for equal work;  a share in the earnings of enterprises, with control over production  and collaboration in management; protection against arbitrary discharge;  permanence of public employment; free and democratic organization of  labor unions, recognized simply by inscription in a special register.

Trade unions are hereby guaranteed: [the right] to conclude  collective bargaining agreements; [the right] to resort to conciliation  and arbitration; the right to strike. Union representatives shall enjoy  the guarantees necessary for the performance of their union tasks and  those relating to the permanence of their employment.

The State shall grant the benefits of social security, which shall be  comprehensive and unwaivable. In particular, the law shall establish:  compulsory social security, which shall be under the charge of national  or provincial entities having financial and economic autonomy,  administered by the interested parties with State participation, but  without the existence of overlapping contributions; adjustable  retirement pay and pensions; full protection of the family; protection  of the welfare of the family; economic compensation to families and  access to decent housing.


Article 15

In the Argentine Nation there are no slaves; the few that exist today  are free from the promulgation of this Constitution; and a special law  shall regulate the indemnification arising from this declaration. Any  contract of purchase and sale of persons is a crime for which those  performing it, and the notary or official approving it, shall be  responsible. And slaves, by whatever manner they may be introduced,  shall be free by the mere act of setting foot in the territory of the  Republic.


Article 16

The Argentine Nation does not allow prerogatives of blood or birth;  in it there are no personal privileges [to special legal rules or  courts] or titles of nobility. All its inhabitants are equal before the  law, and admissible for [public] employment without any other requisite  than fitness. Equality is the basis of taxation and of public charges.


Article 21

Every Argentine citizen is obliged to bear arms in defense of  his country and of this Constitution, in accordance with such laws as  the Congress may enact to that effect and with such decrees of the  National Executive. Citizens by naturalization are free to  render or not render this service for a period of ten years counted from  the date on which they obtain their citizenship papers.


Article 36

This Constitution shall remain in force even if its observance is  interrupted by acts of force against the institutional order and the  democratic system. Such acts shall be irrevocably void.

Their authors shall be subject to the sanction provided in Article  29, forever disqualified from holding public office and excluded from  the benefits of pardon and commutation of sentences.

Also suffering the same sanctions shall be those who, as a  consequence of these acts, usurp the functions reserved to the  authorities of this Constitution or those of the Provinces, and shall  answer civilly and criminally for their acts. The aforementioned actions  are not subject to the statute of limitations.

All citizens have the right of resistance against those who execute the forcible acts stated in this article.

Likewise, he who commits a serious fraudulent crime against the State  that leads to his enrichment shall have acted against the democratic  system [and] is thereafter disqualified from holding public office or  employment for the period of time that the laws specify.

Congress shall pass a law concerning public ethics in the exercise of public functions.


Article 94

The President and the Vice President of the Nation shall be elected  directly by the People, in two rounds, as established by this  Constitution. To this end, the national territory shall comprise a  single district.


Article 96

The second electoral round, should it be required, shall be held  between the two tickets of candidates receiving the most votes, within  thirty days after the first electoral round.




Facts of Argentina’s Constitution

Article 2

The Federal Government supports the Roman Catholic Apostolic Faith.


Article 25

The Federal Government shall encourage European immigration, and it  may not restrict, limit, or burden with any tax whatsoever the entry  into Argentine territory of foreigners whose purpose is tilling the  soil, improving industries, and introducing and teaching the sciences  and the arts.